Application of ICT for Technology Transfer – The Sangai Express



Dr Samares Kumar Das
Continued from previous issue
Two interactive software – one for para-vets and breeders called Animal Health Information System in English and another known as Health Information System for Dairy Animals in Marathi, have been developed at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) , Izatnagar, for animal health management especially for the diagnosis of animal diseases.
With the help of computer software such as Make-Feed, cattle owners can formulate balanced feeds for laying hens, broilers, quails, guinea fowls and dairy animals according to their physiological condition with the resources available. Make-Feed is a Windows-based software developed by Central Avian Research Institute scientist for balanced feed formulation for maximum production performance.
The National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) in Karnal has developed a software package called “Animal Genetic Resources Information System of India” (AGRIS-IS). It is a database system that can store information about different breeds of domestic animals and poultry, breeding list, sperm banks, breeding routes and related literature.
The Veterinary Parasitology Division of ICAR Research Complex for North Eastern Hill Region, Meghalaya has developed a computer software package to facilitate the diagnosis of oocysts, eggs, larvae of different parasites in livestock and human beings, so that a definite conclusion can be drawn in the diagnosis of parasitic diseases.
The National Center for Integrated Pest Management (NCIPM) has developed Nematode Management Information System (NMIS) software for the identification and management of different types of nematodes. It is user-friendly software that includes information on identification, symptoms with pictures, and management of each nematode.
Role of ICT in the dairy sector
ICS are more applicable and beneficial in dairy processing plants, animal feed mixing units, meat processing units. Computerized information systems are used to help management expedite data processing activities and maintain quality control of dairy products.
Important ICT applications are presented below:
ICT tools are effectively used for online weighing and milk quality testing. Computerized systems enable fast, accurate and immediate payment to milk producers and minimize malpractice and underpayment.
Widespread use of the sensor network can improve dairy plant monitoring and generate valuable information for crisis management. For example, environmental censors to monitor temperature, video cameras/image sensor for security, plant operations and observing the behavior of staff, visitors, etc.
GPS is useful for tracking vehicles during transport of milk from collection centers to central dairy stockyard and dairy marketing to minimize malpractice along the way.
Artificial Neural Network (ANN) tools have also been used by researchers to solve problems related to dairy and food processing.
The electronic nose has many applications in sensory evaluation of food quality, detection of environmental toxins, carcinogens and pollutants, air quality as well as in medicine. It is useful for identifying adulterants, toxins, contaminants and flavor differences in food products. It also helps to assess the quality acceptance and aging process of stored food products.
The electronic tongue helps in the continuous quality control of products in the food industry. It is also widely used in quantitative analysis and recognition (identification, classification) of a very wide range of liquids, quality control and identification of compliance with standards for different foodstuffs – juice, coffee, beer, wine, spirits, etc. It also helps in continuous quality monitoring of food testing from the raw material stage to the final product. (To be continued)